As the Indian scientists committed, an advanced LIGO detector will be installed in India and will be operational from year 2023.
A team of scientists, which has been working with the experiment named LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational wave Observatory), is awarded with a breakthrough prize in the Fundamental Physics. LIGO was responsible for the gravitational waves discovery in September 2015. These Breakthrough Prizes were awarded since 2012 every year for the breakthroughs in physics, mathematics and life sciences.
International LSC (LIGO Scientific Collaboration) is responsible for maintenance of LIGO. It involves thousands of engineers and scientists. This special prize will be divided among two LIGO subsets. $1 million will be divided between three LIGO conceivers – Ray Weiss, Kip Throne and Ron Drever while $2 will be shared among 1012 scientists that contributed in discovering the gravitational waves. This second subset has around 37 researchers from India. 7 of those 37 belongs to ICTS (International Centre for Theoretical Sciences), Bengaluru including Bala Iyer, who is an expert of gravitational physics research.
On February 11, 2016, LSC announced the discovery of gravitational waves. This discovery was done after Albert Einstein published his general theory of relativity which predicted gravitational waves and it had been more than a century.
These waves are tiny distortions in spacetime continuum passing throughout the universe at speed of light. These waves were generated due to the collision of two blackholes which are 1.3 billion light years away.
These distortions were picked by LIGO on September 14, last year. The scientists from LSC were able to eliminate all the noises & errors after multiple checks. The Indian collaboration of scientists was responsible for checking whether the gravitational waves signals matched theoretical projections. They even calculated the physical properties of colliding blackholes. And because this commitment was fulfilled, now an advanced LIGO detector will be installed in India and will be on operation from 2023.